How does Botox work?
One of the most venomous elements recognized by man is botulinum toxin. Scientists have assessed that a single gram has the ability to take lives of one million individuals and a few kilos could kill each human being on earth. Botulinum toxin leads to botulism, a severe, dangerous ailment if taken in high concentrations. Botulism, not properly treated, may cause respiratory failure and even death. Despite the fact that botulinum toxin is extremely poisonous and so expensive, Botox is in enormous demand. Botulinum toxin has demonstrated to being a fruitful and appreciated therapeutic protein when quantity and frequency of treatment and a variety of treated clinical conditions are measured.
Botulinum toxin in tremendously insignificant concentrations reaches muscles by averting signals from the nerve cells, and successfully leaving the muscles without commands to contract, thereby paralyzing them. For the contraction of muscles, discharge of acetylcholine (a chemical neurotransmitter) travels through nerves, at the point where nerve endings meet muscle cells. The muscle cells to contract or shrink when acetylcholine is fixed onto the receptors on the muscle cells. Injected botulinum toxin avoids the release of acetylcholine, avoiding shrinking of the muscle cells. The depletion of abnormal muscle contraction makes the muscles less inflexible due to the effect of botulinum toxin.